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The origin and history of cats

The origin and history of cats

The "cat pattern" established early in the evolution of modern mammals was a success: the shape of early cats was already distinctive, while the ancestors of other modern mammals were little known. They first appeared in the early Pliocene Epoch (5.3 to 3.6 million years ago), and have continued with extraordinary changes idomesticn modern times.

The domestic cat

Although the origin of the domestic cat is hidden in antiquity, studies containing mitochondrial DNA (MTDNA) show that feline cats had two lineages. A lineage (F. silvestris silvestris) appeared in Asia Minor, probably 6,400 years ago, and spread north and west to Europe. The second lineage first originated in Egypt between 6,400 and 1,000 years ago, before spreading across the Mediterranean (perhaps through human introduction) along routes similar to those used by the first lineage.the region's trade routes. Cats of both breeds continued to breed with the African wild cat (F. silvestris lybica) during their respective breeds. 

The earliest connection between cats and humans dates back to the beginning of agriculture in the Middle East about 9,500 years ago. A cat skeleton with a man of that time was discovered in southern The cat is a familiar figure in nursery rhymes, stories and sayings. Dick Whittington and his cat's English legend are particularly favorite. The writersophile Gautier and Charles Baudelaire paid homage to him, and in the 20th century Road Yard Coupling, Collet and T.S. Elliott wrote about cats, and British musician Sir Andrew Lloyd Webber created the famous stage production cats. Cyprus. Although some sources note that the discovery suggests that cats may have bred to some extent at this location, other sources (citing that the cat's genome was not so different from the African During this time the wild cats (cats) argue that cats have nurtured themselves by choosing to live in the changed landscapes of humans.

Fossil proof observed in China approximately 5,three hundred years in the past has proven that cats are comparable in length to fashionable home cats which are fed to small grain-consuming animals including ro-mice and millets in agricultural environments. According to study, these cats were leopard cats (Prionailurus bengalensis), who were displaced by modern domestic cats (F. catus). Before 3000 BC, this discovery suggests that humans allowed cats to prey on rats and other mice that threatened grain stores and possibly fed the cats or allowed them to use leftover food. Although the cat was considered a sacred animal in the 5th and 6th families in Egypt (c. 2465 - c. 2150 BCE), it was not necessarily bred at that time. It is possible that the ancient Egyptians partnered with the cat because they realized its value in protecting grain from rats. . His love and respect for the hunter led to the development of the religious cat cult and the cat temple worship. However, there is no authoritative record of rearing before 1500 BC.

Cats have long been known in other cultures. The wall tiles in Crete date back to 1600 BC and show hunting cats. Evidence from art and literature suggests that the cat existed in Greece as early as the 5th century BC, and that cat tiles appeared in China as early as 500 BC. In India, cats have been noted in Sanskrit writings round a hundred BC, even as Arabs and Japanese did now no longer introduce cats till approximately six hundred AD.The earliest record of cats in Britain dates back to around 9,936 AD, when Prince Howell DDA of south-central Wales enacted laws to protect them.

The origin and history of cats

Although all cats have the same appearance, it is difficult to trace the lineage of individual breeds. Because tablets of ancient Egyptian cats and mummies show table-like markings, the present-day tibias may be the offspring of Egyptian sacred cats. The Abyssinian resembles images and statues of Egyptian cats. The Persians, whose color is often similar to that of mixed races (although hair length and anatomy are specific), may have been crossed at different times with different races. The breathless monkey cat, like the hairless Sphinx cat and the curly-coated Devon Rex, is a variation. Persian and Siamese cats' ancestors may come from a variety of domestic breeds, representing Asian wild cat breeding. In truth, nothing is known about the Siamese species' ancestors, and no contemporary Asian cat breed may have served as a forerunner.

Commitment to human culture

The cat has long been associated with religion and witchcraft. In the Bible, the "cat" is mentioned only in Jeremiah's letters. The cat has been spotted in Egypt, Norse countries and various parts of Asia. The Egyptians had a cat-headed goddess named Bast (or Bastet).Thousands of cat mummies have been discovered in Egypt, and even mouse mummies, possibly to feed the cats. Cats have often been associated with magic and sorcery, and there are many myths about cats. At all ages, cats have been treated more cruelly than any other animal. Black cats in particular have long been considered a family of secret powers and sparrows.

General features and special adaptations

The average weight of a domestic cat varies from 2.7 to 4.5 kg (6 to 10 lb), however, in non-breed cats, up to 12.7 kg (28 lb) is not uncommon. Males average 71.1 cm (28 inches) in length, while females average 50.8 cm (20 inches). Considering a carnivorous habit, a cat has a simple intestine. The small intestine is only three times the length of the body. Cat skin, consisting of dermis and epidermis, regenerates and fights infection. The small penis muscles attached to the hair follicles enable the cat to bruise on all sides. Thus, although the cat is a relatively small animal, it can frighten enemies with its back, bruising and sobbing.